National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve
Kiev-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve - a huge museum complex in the central part of Kiev , it is a kind of calling card of the capital of Ukraine.
History of the Kiev Caves Reserve
It was founded in 1922, and in 1996 received the status of National. The reserve is the largest museum complex in the whole of Ukraine. Total focus on its territory 144 buildings, including the unique temples and churches, underground complexes Lavra (Near and Far Caves), exhibition areas, and more. It is noteworthy that the object 122 are monuments of history and culture.
The initial list of objects that are included in the reserve was approved in 1926. However, during the Second World War, many of them severely damaged or destroyed. Thus, for example, was completely destroyed the main cathedral Monastery - the Assumption. Only in 2000, he was again rebuilt and consecrated. In 1990, at the 14th session of UNESCO Kiev-Pechersk Lavra with Sophia of Kiev was entered into the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage.
What can be seen in the reserve
Reserve funds total more than 70 thousand objects that are stored in public museums:
- A huge collection of precious metals is presented in the Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine . Gem of the collection - the famous Scythian gold pectoral found in the burial of "Thick grave."
- In the Museum of Ukrainian Decorative Folk Art is a collection of unique monuments of culture and art in the period from the 11th to the 20th century - paintings, icons, fabrics and paintings - is the foundation of the collection.
- Museum books and publishing houses a collection of rare books, which were written not only in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, but also books of Lviv, Ostrog, Chernigov and other publishers. The most unique exhibit of the collection is "The Apostle" printed Ivan in 1574 in Lviv.
- Museum of Theatre, Music and Cinema of Ukraine is no less interesting. This is the only kind of museum in Ukraine. Here you will learn all about the history of theater, music and cinema.
On the reserve organized a large number of both permanent and temporary exhibitions. The museum`s collections are replenished with new objects, a variety of events.
Excursions (and case study on 21 subjects) are conducted in Ukrainian, Russian, English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Romanian. Order a tour on the official site of the reserve by phone or by filling out the form .
Very popular among tourists enjoy exhibition of miniatures Nicholas Syadristogo where, thanks to a special microscope can be seen, for example, to shoe a flea.
Labyrinths of caves near and far - the burial of saints and monks of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. This is a place of worship for pilgrimage tourism.
During the whole period of the National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve within its walls has visited more than 50 million tourists from all over the planet. The collection is so rich that it is not enough for a few days to get acquainted with the museum exhibits in its entirety.